Download E-books City of Sacrifice: Violence From the Aztec Empire to the Modern Americas PDF

At an excavation of the good Aztec Temple in Mexico urban, amid carvings of skulls and a dismembered warrior goddess, David Carrasco stood earlier than a box jam-packed with the adorned bones of babies and kids. It used to be the positioning of a huge human sacrifice, and for Carrasco the heart of fiercely provocative questions: If ritual violence opposed to people used to be a profound necessity for the Aztecs of their capital urban, is it principal to the development of social order and the authority of urban states? Is civilization outfitted on violence?

In urban of Sacrifice, Carrasco chronicles the attention-grabbing tale of Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, investigating Aztec non secular practices and demonstrating that non secular violence was once indispensable to urbanization; town itself was once a temple to the gods. That Mexico urban, the most important urban in the world, used to be outfitted at the ruins of Tenochtitlan, is some extent Carrasco poignantly considers in his comparability of city existence from antiquity to modernity.

Majestic in scope, urban of Sacrifice illuminates not just the wealthy historical past of a big Meso american urban but in addition the inseparability of 2 passionate human impulses: urbanization and spiritual engagement. It has a lot to inform us approximately many known occasions in our personal time, from suicide bombings in Tel Aviv to rape and homicide within the Balkans.

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Download E-books Crisis of Conscience PDF

By Raymond Franz

Synopsis The tendency of spiritual authority to hunt to dominate instead of serve, and the fight of these who desire to hinder the erosion in their God-given freedom of moral sense -- those shape the center of the very own and candid account in situation of judgment of right and wrong. The scene of fight is in the club of a particular faith: Jehovah's Witnesses. an identical basic concerns that mark this account, even though, may possibly come up inside any of the world's religions. beginning within the 1870's as an self reliant religious study staff composed of a handful of individuals in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Jehovah's Witnesses this day quantity greater than 5 million in a few 2 hundred lands. while their publishing corporation, the Watch Tower Society, places out a brand new e-book, the conventional preliminary printing is a million copies, with different thousands following. In international locations the place they're energetic, few humans haven't had touch with the Witnesses because of their extreme door-to-door task. Product Identifiers

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Download E-books Devil Worship - The Sacred Books and Traditions of the Yezidiz PDF

The manuscript includes a quick creation, the Sacred Books, and an Appendix. within the first, the compiler shows the resource of his details and offers a caricature of the lifetime of Sei? 'Adî, the manager saint of the Yezidis. The Sacred Books contain Kitâb al-Jilwah (Book of Revelation), and Ma??af Rês (Black Book)--so named simply because in it point out made from the descent of the Lord upon the Black Mountain. Al Jilwah is ascribed to Sei? 'Adî himself, and could as a result date from the 12th century A. D. it really is divided right into a short advent and 5 brief chapters. In each one, 'Adî is represented because the speaker. within the Preface the Sei? says that he existed with Melek ?â'ûs sooner than the production of the realm, and that he used to be despatched by means of his god ?â'ûs to show the Yezidi sect honestly.

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Download E-books Gender Hierarchy in the Qur'ān: Medieval Interpretations, Modern Responses (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization) PDF

By Karen Bauer

This booklet explores how medieval and glossy Muslim spiritual students ('ulamā') interpret gender roles in Qur'ānic verses on criminal testimony, marriage, and human construction. mentioning those verses, medieval students constructed more and more complicated legislation and interpretations upholding a male-dominated gender hierarchy; facets in their interpretations effect spiritual norms and kingdom legislation in Muslim-majority nations this present day, but different features were discarded solely. Karen Bauer strains the evolution in their interpretations, exhibiting how they've been followed, tailored, rejected, or changed over the years, through evaluating the Qur'ān with quite a lot of Qur'ānic commentaries and interviews with favourite non secular students from Iran and Syria. from time to time, culture is changed in unforeseen methods: realized girls argue opposed to gender equality, or Grand Ayatollahs reject sayings of the Prophet, bringing up technology as an alternative. This cutting edge and fascinating research highlights the consequences of social and highbrow contexts at the formation of culture, and on smooth responses to it.

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Download E-books Sophia Bestiae: The Wisdom of the Beast PDF

By Edward O'Toole

After nearly 2000 years of indoctrination, guy now has the opportunity to determine God is His actual gentle. Sophia Bestiae re-examines God, His origins and His behaviour - substantiated all through with assisting Biblical passages - and proves that faraway from being the hero of the Judeo-Christian faith, he's evil incarnate. The Sophia Bestiae exhibits that Revelations 13:18 used to be right in that the Time of the Beast is now, yet that The Beast is in reality Mankind - the genuine enemy of God. here's knowledge. permit him that hath realizing count number the variety of the beast: for it's the variety of a guy; and his quantity is 600 threescore and 6. listed for ease of use and quickly reference, the Sophia Bestiae is a superb reference consultant for either newcomers in non secular reports and complex. For an individual who has ever spotted the contradictory behaviour of God, or has ever known as their religion into doubt, then the Sophia Bestiae will clarify why. After examining the Sophia Bestiae you can be in doubtless whatever as to the key Nature of God - and why he's making plans Armageddon. different books, similar to the Black Bible, have checked out the hypocrisy and inconsistencies and evil everyday within the Bible, yet by no means earlier than has a booklet proven the real Nature of God - a Being to be feared through guy as he's almost definitely now not our benefactor - he's our Nemesis

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Download E-books Greek Heroine Cults (Wisconsin Studies in Classics) PDF

By Jennifer Larson

This can be a thorough exam of the literary and iconographical facts for woman hero cults within the old Greek international (8th-4th centuries BC). legendary girls have been frequently worshipped in familial teams or in collaboration with male heroes and, indicates Larson, performed a massive function in reinforcing institution values in Greek society. She indicates how heroic cults strengthened the Greeks' gender expectancies for either men and women via ritual prestige, iconography, and narrative motifs, and examines subject matters corresponding to maiden sacrifice, the Amazons, the function of the goddess Artemis and feminine ghost ideals in folklore.

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Download E-books Anetso, the Cherokee Ball Game: At the Center of Ceremony and Identity (First Peoples New Directions in Indigenous Studies) PDF

By Michael J. Zogry

Anetso, a centuries-old Cherokee ball video game nonetheless performed at the present time, is a lively, occasionally violent task that rewards pace, power, and agility. even as, it's the concentration of numerous associated ritual actions. Is it a game? Is it a non secular ritual? may possibly it very likely be either? Why has it lasted see you later, surviving via centuries of upheaval and change?

Based on his paintings within the box and within the files, Michael J. Zogry argues that participants of the japanese Band of Cherokee state proceed to accomplish chosen features in their cultural id via accomplishing anetso, itself the hub of a longer ceremonial complicated, or cycle. A precursor to lacrosse, anetso seems to be in all demeanour of Cherokee cultural narratives and has figured prominently within the written debts of non-Cherokee observers for nearly 300 years. The anetso ceremonial advanced features a number of actions which, taken jointly, complicate general scholarly differences similar to online game as opposed to ritual, public reveal as opposed to deepest functionality, and culture as opposed to innovation.

Zogry's exam offers a notable chance for rethinking the certainty of formality and function in addition to their courting to cultural id. It additionally bargains a pointy reappraisal of scholarly discourse at the Cherokee spiritual approach, with specific specialize in the jap Band of Cherokee Nation.

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Download E-books God and the Scientist: Exploring the Work of John Polkinghorne (Ashgate Science and Religion) PDF

This booklet offers a party, survey and critique of the theological paintings of arguably an important and such a lot widely-read contributor to the fashionable discussion among technology and theology: John Polkinghorne. together with a huge survey by means of Polkinghorne himself of his life's paintings in theology, this publication attracts jointly participants from one of the most vital voices within the science-theology discussion this present day to target key elements of Polkinghorne's paintings, with Polkinghorne supplying responses. anyone exploring modern features of the science-religion debate will locate this booklet beneficial.

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